Thursday, November 11, 2004

Individual Critics #3

Here's notes from presentations done on Tuesday the 9th:

Nietzche (Jamie)

-sprachkrise = the crisis of language
- truth is an illusion
- **Conquest of Literature is:
We must live by energy in life
**The truth is an army of metaphors

Terry Eagelton (Jamie) pg 2240

- literature concerns the social control of the middle and working class
- texts reproduce ideology rather than reflecting it
- see's English as an outgrowth of nationalism and a replacement for religion through ideology
- literature reinforces the dominant social order

Horace (J.R.) pg 121
- he is the "wet stone" that sharpens the knives
- poetry is a craft that has two objectives:
1) instruct 2) entertain
- decorum makes good poetry, which is unity
- a work must be beautiful-how?
* you can't add something that doesn't fit ( the "purple patch" idea -where certain things don't fit into a work)
* similar to how drama characters must fit their role
* must be naturally talented at poetry
* poets must not be afraid and they must start with the foundation of wisdom

de Beauvoir (Jennifer Harris) pg 1403
- she represents the female race as the second sex
- extreme feminist who's most famous work is "The Second Sex"
- women are the second sex because they have always been defined by man
- * we need to move beyond ananlysis of a woman that has been created for them "one is not born, but rather becomes"

Wimsatt (Megan) pg 1371
- language is most important
- structure and unity are important
- Meaning is not found within the author , but rather the text itself as meaning
- if a poet is successful, it will be in the meaning of the text
- emotion is connected to cognitive
- the meaning of a work doesn't have to do with the response, therefore, read closely
- International fallacy and affective fallacy

G & G Sandra and Suzie (Yoshie) pg 2020-2021

-feminist critics
- "Mad Women in the Attic"

Gates (Opai) pg 2421
*race as a text itself
-wants to preserve his race and resurrect books

Foucauilt (Andrea Lorenz) pg 1615
- de-constructionist
- discourse is textual material
- wrote "What is an author"
- ecriture(sp?) = creating an opening where writing unfolds
- signifier = a work which relates to something signified and then to an object (the word cat then a picture of a cat)
- an author is a function of discourse and gives a text a certain amount of quality
- "personal pronouns" point to the authors second self
- he wants to discenter the author from the literary universe

Benjamin (Kelly Maddock) pg 1167
- "One of the foremost tasks of art has always been the creation of a demand which could only be satisfied later"
-"aura" = the quality of a piece of work that is equal to that of a religious object
- art changes with mass production
- reproduction of art is a good thing and it changes as society changes

Peacock (Ed Shanley) 682 "Four Ages of Poetry"
-poetry is marginal
- historical events can't be compared to prose
-poetry is a useless subject that wastes our time
- authors should polish the notions set fourth by people, or maintain the same idea's, but change the language
-"If you read poetry, read classical poetry, or don't read it at all!

Schleiremocker (Lindsee Tauok(sp?)) pg 610

-hermeneutics= the understanding and interpreting discourse through systematic procedures
-understand the works better than its creator


-"attempted to create an interpretive system that could order and control hte proliferation of meanings attatched to the Bibles figurative language that reflects the widespread medieval tendency toward synopses"
-seek out the intention of the author first
-Words are like berries that we pop into out mouth

Bhaba (Katie) 2377
-canon is ethnocentric and the critic makes up the canon
-builds on philosophies of deconstructionists


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